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Current News

img1 26 Aug, 2014
Rimouski, August 26, 2014 – Ressources Appalaches (APP - TSXV and OU3 - FWB), is pleased to announce
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Rimouski, August, 21 2014 – Ressources Appalaches (APP - TSXV and OU3 – FWB) is pleased to announce
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img1 30 Jul, 2014
Rimouski, July, 30 2014 – In the process to become a new gold producer, Ressources Appalaches (APP -
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img1 10 Jul, 2014
Rimouski, July, 10 2014 – Ressources Appalaches (APP - TSXV and OU3 - FWB) is pleased to announce th
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img1 29 May, 2014
Rimouski, May 29, 2014 – Ressources Appalaches (APP - TSXV and OU3 - FWB) announces the closing of a
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img1 8 May, 2014
Rimouski, Quebec, Canada – May 8, 2014 – Ressources Appalaches (APP - TSXV and OU3 - FWB) is pleased
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History

There are probably not many of us who have firsthand accounts of the gold rushes in Nova Scotia, but maybe we can remember stories told by a grandparent, an older relative or perhaps an old prospector. The gold rushes have played a significant role in the history of many towns and villages in the Province and, for many Nova Scotians, gold mining is a distinct part of their heritage. Gold may have been sighted as early as 1578 when the explorer Sir Humphrey Gilbert was given a patent to search for gold and silver in the New World. As well, French settlers may have found gold, as indicated by the village names of Bras d’Or, Cape d’Or or Jeddore (Jet d’Or).

Gold sightings were not referred to again until the 1830s. An unidentified captain of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers was said to have panned gold at Gold River in 1840. In 1849, W. Brooks, a farmer from Lawrencetown, claimed to have found gold in quartz while repairing a dam on his land but his father told him to “drop his nonsense, go on with his work and pitch the rubbish away”. Eleven years later, gold was discovered by Brooks who had been encouraged by recent discoveries at Tangiers. The area was declared the Lawrencetown gold district! In 1857, unofficial discoveries were made by Richard Smith of Maitland who obtained gold from a river in the Musquodoboit settlement and by John Campbell of Dartmouth who ‘assayed’ the sands at Fort Clarence in Halifax Harbour (where the oil refinery stands today) and obtained a ‘good show’ of gold.

The first authenticated discovery of gold in quartz was made in 1858 by Captain L'Estrange at Mooseland. However, he received no encouragement to continue his efforts. Within two years a farmer from Musquodoboit, John Gerrisb Pulsiver, began a search in the same area of Mooseland. On the last Thursday or Friday in May 1860, Pulsiver found gold in a quartz boulder and thus initiated the first gold rush in Nova Scotia. After the declaration of the Mooseland gold district in April 1861, other discoveries along the Eastern Shore were quick to follow in the next half year —Tangier, Lawrencetown, The Ovens, Wine Harbour, Sherbrooke (Goldenville), Waverley, Country Harbour, Isaacs Harbour and Gold River. Buildings were erected ‘overnight’ and the miners and their families moved into the new settlements. Most of the early claims were staked by people with no knowledge of geology or mining. Those who staked claims in the winter hoped there would be gold nuggets for the picking when the snow had melted. John Campbell, who had observed gold on the shores of Fort Clarence, ventured to Lunenburg and worked the beach sands at The Ovens with William Cunard, Esq. of steamship line fame. Campbell believed the sands of Sable Island contained gold but when he applied for a license, the government offered very confining terms and he was forced to abandon any idea of panning the sands. Gold production increased as a result of the expansion in exploration to new areas located south and west of the Eastern Shore. The highest yield of gold was 27,538 ounces (780 702 g) in 1867.

The second gold rush extended from 1896 to 1903 with the highest yield of 31,113 ounces (882 054 g) in 1898. The introduction of dynamite for blasting, the use of cyanide in the concentration process, and more efficient machinery and mills permitted bodies of lower grade ore to be worked. Much attention was given to improving the concentration process and the treatment of tailings, with the intention of increasing the gold yield. Unlike the first rush which was a time of frenzy and speculation, this renewed quest for gold was a time of calm, organized exploration In the late 1890s, the Klondike gold rush, in combination with the opening of the mining camps in Ontario, conjured dreams of ‘easy gold’ in the minds of the workers. The result was a movement to the west, with a corresponding decline in gold production in Nova Scotia. What may, in time, be considered the fourth gold rush began in 1972. The resurgence of gold exploration was encouraged by the rise in the price of gold (to ~ US$820 per ounce!) in the early 1980s. A number of companies staked claims with the idea of working the tailings or old underground mine sites, or prospecting for new leads. Today, the search for gold continues and the future outlook for Nova Scotia gold is optimistic especially at ~$1700/ounce of late.